There are around 7000 species of millipede throughout the world.

Millipedes have around 100-300 legs with 2 sets on each section of their body

Millipedes are able to secrete a liquid in defense of predators which irritates them. Care should be taking when handling and cleaning your millipede

Most millipedes are docile and make great pets for the young and old herpers alike


Millipedes enjoy a fairly basic enclosure, size depending on the adult size of the millipede. Enclosures can be made from plastic or glass, this enables us to keep the correct level of humidity throughout. Ensure that there are no escape holes in the enclosure.

Millipedes need a large amount of space to roam and each millipede should have around 3 times its size of space in the tank. Millipedes can be kept communally providing there is enough space for each to exercise.

Substrate is the most important factor when keeping millipedes. Most species feed on their substrate, some feed additional on vegetables, leaves and decomposing wood. The bioactive terrarium is also ideal for a millipede, just be aware that if enough dry leaves and wood aren’t provided, millipedes will begin to feed on live plants.

Depending on the species of millipede, a small heat mat may be required to supply warmth to the tank. This can also be provided via a small basking lamp. We recommend the use of a thermostat with all heat sources.

A small shallow water dish should be provided– not deep so that millipedes drown. Also spray the enclosure daily to keep it moist, this will keep millipedes hydrated. Millipedes require calcium to enable them to grow and stay strong. They get this from the leaf litter supplied. Some millipedes enjoy cuttlefish or a small amount of calcium mixed within the substrate.

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Millipedes are generally docile however care should be taken as they are able to secrete a defensive liquid which can cause skin reactions.

Gloves should be worn and hands should be washed before and after handling. Ensure that the secretion from the millipede does not enter the eyes or mouth. As millipedes are sensitive we recommend handling only as required for cleaning and moving.

If you do need to handle your millipede for moving or cleaning, ensure that you collect it gently from beneath and support its body whilst moving to reduce stress.


Genus, Species Many
Adult Size 0.2-28cm
Habitat Species dependant
Lifespan 7-10 years
Diet Leaf Litter, Decomposing wood, veg, fruit
Ambient Temp (f) 60-72
Basking Temp (f) 72-78
Humidity (%) 70-90
Locality Species dependant
Difficulty 1-2
Breeding Age Species dependant
Social Structure Can live communally


At first glance, all millipedes look the same, however with some careful inspection we can often see the difference between male and female Millipedes.

Male millipedes will have a pair of gonopods which are appendages to aid in reproduction. On the seventh or third segment in some species, where the millipedes legs would usually be, they are missing and replaced with a smaller pair of gonopods.

Female millipedes do not have gonopods and instead have normal legs which all appear the same.

Amber Millipede WC


Millipedes should always have a rigid hard body. If it is soft in places this can signify dehydration or general ill health.

Millipedes will curl up to protect themselves when picked up or scared by something. If you pick your millipede up and it does not do this it can also signify that something may be wrong.

One of the main issues with millipedes is using a heat mat and drying the substrate which leads to dehydration. Ensure that you spray your millipedes daily to provide a good level of humidity. You may wish to add a shallow water bowl. Use a thermostat on heating equipment to keep the temperature to the correct level.

When health checking your millipede, check for any white fungus, the millipede would also likely be showing some of the signs of ill health from above such as dehydration and lethargy. Consult your veterinarian if fungus is found.



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